The Bongo District is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 15 of Municipalities and Districts in the Upper East Region.
It was created by Legislative Instrument (LI) 1446 in 1988 with Bongo as its capital. The district lies between longitudes 0.45o W and latitude 10.50o N to 11.09 and has a total land area of 459.5 square kilometers.
The Bongo District shares boundaries with Burkina Faso to the north, Kassena-Nankana Municipal to the west, Bolgatanga Municipal to the southwest and Nabdam District to the southeast. The district lies within the Onchocerciasis-freed zone.
The population of the District according to the 2010 population and housing census stands at 84,545 with 40,084 males and 44,461 females.